Researches

ResearchesZero-Knowledge
Author: Rabia Fatima
| May 25, 2022
ZK-SNARKs are mostly popular for publicly verifiable computations. They rely on common reference strings (CRS) for proving and verifying. Subversion […]
CryptographyZero-Knowledge
Author: Rabia Fatima
| Apr 23, 2022
Special thanks to Shakeib Shaida and Zainab Hasan for reviewing my article. Zero-knowledge proofs are cryptographically advanced proofs which are […]
Zero-Knowledge
Author: Shakeib Shaida
| Mar 22, 2022
Introduction Learning zero knowledge can feel like an impossible task, especially for people who have very little exposure to cryptography […]
CryptographyZero-Knowledge
Author: Zainab Hasan
| Mar 16, 2022
STARKs revolves around the idea of computational integrity, which essentially means that the output of a specific computation is correct. […]
CryptographyZero-Knowledge
Author: Rabia Fatima
| Feb 28, 2022
Currently at Xord we are researching ZK-SNARKs in depth.  Although Maksym Petkus does an excellent job of explaining why and […]
CryptographyZero-Knowledge
Author: Maham Imtiaz
| Feb 12, 2022
Introduction In my previous research we discussed about Lattice-based cryptography and now we will use lattice cryptography to built our […]
Zero-Knowledge
Author: Rabia Fatima
| Jan 15, 2022
This article is greatly inspired by Vitalik explanation on Quadratic arithmetic programs(QAPs). In this article we are going to take a […]
CryptographyZero-Knowledge
Author: Maham Imtiaz
| Jan 05, 2022
Introduction: For the last few years, quantum computers have been in the news and mathematicians and cryptographers are concerned with […]
Zero-Knowledge
Author: Zainab Hasan
| Dec 15, 2021
Introduction Over the years, banks became quite a crucial part of the lifestyle. They provide the best user experience possible. […]
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2D Reed Solomon Encoded Merkle Tree Construction

  Introduction:  In our previous article Merkle Tree construction we had briefly discussed the formation of the Merkle Tree using […]

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Reed Solomon Codes: A Classical Explanation

Ever wondered how satellite communication works when there is so much noise in the environment? Or how can we still […]

Cosmos: An Architectural Guide

Cosmos is Cosmos creates an interconnected network of app-specific sovereign blockchains via IBC. Explore Tendermint, IBC and zones in this post.

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Fraud and Data Availability Proofs

In recent times, we on twitter are witnessing a frequent discussion about the Data Availability Problem and its importance. There […]

Rollups 101: The Classification

This article explores the different types of rollups i.e. Sovereign, enshrined, Smart Contract and settlement Rollups. Click to read more

Optimism Bedrock: An Early Guide

Optimism is an EVM compatible rollup, which has an upgrading coming out in Q4 of 2022 named Optimism bedrock. Read more in this publication.

Merged: Finally... It happened!

It seems like it has been ages since we started hearing about the transition of Ethereum from PoW to PoS. Today, Sept 15 2022, 06:42:59 AM +UTC, marks the time it finally happened. Read about it in this pos

Why is Resource Pricing a Big Deal in Blockchain?

TL;DR: In this article, we are gonna discuss what resource pricing in blockchain means and how we can limit and […]

Multi-Party Computation Protocol for Universal SNARKs

ZK-SNARKs are mostly popular for publicly verifiable computations. They rely on common reference strings (CRS) for proving and verifying. Subversion […]

The Trusted Setup of ZK-SNARK

Special thanks to Shakeib Shaida and Zainab Hasan for reviewing my article. Zero-knowledge proofs are cryptographically advanced proofs which are […]

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