Reports

Ethereum
Author: Zainab Hasan
| Sep 15, 2022
It seems like it has been ages since we started hearing about the transition of Ethereum from PoW to PoS. Today, Sept 15 2022, 06:42:59 AM +UTC, marks the time it finally happened. Read about it in this pos
Ethereum
Author: Rabia Fatima
| Oct 23, 2021
The Ethereum community is always keen on their vision of an energy-efficient proof-of-stake network. For several years the Ethereum community […]
Blockchains, Ethereum
Author: Okereke Innocent
| Aug 07, 2021
The EIP-1559 proposal aims to strengthen the Ethereum ecosystem by making the transaction fee more predictable.
Exploits
Author: Zainab Hasan
| Nov 09, 2020
51% Attack: 51% attack is well-known in the world of Blockchain. It is a potential attack when a single entity […]
Exploits
Author: Zainab Hasan
| Nov 05, 2020
The Beginning: On November, the 2nd 2020. Axion Network, a decentralized financial currency network launched its currency AXN on mainnet. […]

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Ethereum

IBC: Sending & Receiving Data Packages

IBC provides a standard for data structures, semantics, protocol, and framework that enables every blockchain implementing IBC to authenticate and transport data among them in a permissionless manner, providing interoperability.

2D Reed Solomon Encoded Merkle Tree Construction

In our previous article, we briefly discussed the formation of the Merkle Tree using the Reed Solomon Code. In this […]

Cosmos: An Architectural Guide

The Internet is a network of independent computers connecting to share data (whether to read, write, store, or all). Similarly, connects separate blockchains. As the internet uses HTTP protocol, Cosmos uses IBC protocol.

Reed Solomon Codes: A Classical Explanation

Ever wondered how satellite communication works when there is so much noise in the environment? Or how can we still […]

Uncategorized

Fraud and Data Availability Proofs

In recent times, we on twitter are witnessing a frequent discussion about the Data Availability Problem and its importance. There […]

Rollups 101: The Classification

This article explores the different types of rollups i.e. Sovereign, enshrined, Smart Contract and settlement Rollups. Click to read more

Optimism Bedrock: An Early Guide

Optimism is an EVM compatible rollup, which has an upgrading coming out in Q4 of 2022 named Optimism bedrock. Read more in this publication.

Why is Resource Pricing a Big Deal in Blockchain?

TL;DR: In this article, we are gonna discuss what resource pricing in blockchain means and how we can limit and […]

Multi-Party Computation Protocol for Universal SNARKs

ZK-SNARKs are mostly popular for publicly verifiable computations. They rely on common reference strings (CRS) for proving and verifying. Subversion […]

The Trusted Setup of ZK-SNARK

Special thanks to Shakeib Shaida and Zainab Hasan for reviewing my article. Zero-knowledge proofs are cryptographically advanced proofs which are […]

Celestia: Turning Modularity Into Reality

Celestia is a Modular Blockchain which separates data availability layer from execution and settlement layers. Click to learn more about Celestia.

Painting Mental Picture of Zero-Knowledge

Introduction Learning zero knowledge can feel like an impossible task, especially for people who have very little exposure to cryptography […]

The Advent Of STARKs With IOPs

STARKs revolves around the idea of computational integrity, which essentially means that the output of a specific computation is correct. […]

Flashbots: MEV Pi-Rate Ship

Extracting MEV incurs externalities, like increasing the congestion of the network and gas wars which eventually increase gas costs for […]

ZK-SNARKs: The Low Level Working

Currently at Xord we are researching ZK-SNARKs in depth.  Although Maksym Petkus does an excellent job of explaining why and […]

Lattice-Based Cryptography: Zero Knowledge

Introduction In my previous research we discussed about Lattice-based cryptography and now we will use lattice cryptography to built our […]

Lodestar Setup Tutorial

Introduction So what exactly is Lodestar? As the name implies, it is the star that guides our path towards a […]

Strong Homomorphic Encryption

Introduction: Encryption programs are genuinely designed to destroy the relation between plain text and the corresponding ciphertext. A good encryption […]

A Roller-Coaster Ride to Open-Source Contribution in Ethereum 2.0

Introduction I want to share our roller-coaster ride to open-source contribution in Ethereum, which started with exploring the Ethereum client […]

Explaining Quadratic Arithmetic Programs

This article is greatly inspired by Vitalik explanation on Quadratic arithmetic programs(QAPs). In this article we are going to take a […]

Lattice Based Cryptography: A Post Quantum Era

Introduction: For the last few years, quantum computers have been in the news and mathematicians and cryptographers are concerned with […]

Curve DAO: A Brief Outlook To The Mechanism Of DAO

Introduction: Curve DAO token (CRV) is an Ethereum token that is powered by Curve finance. Which can be stated as […]

Zero-Knowledge Proofs: A General Understanding

Introduction Over the years, banks became quite a crucial part of the lifestyle. They provide the best user experience possible. […]

MEV: Explain Like I Am Five

What is MEV? The term MEV was initially proposed by Phil Daian in "Flash Boys 2.0," and it has since […]

Verkle Trees: A Step towards Stateless Ethereum

This is the last post of our series on stateless Ethereum. Earlier, in the previous articles we have discussed the […]

Kate Commitments: A Polynomial Scheme

Our previous article was a depiction of how polynomial commitments can create a disruptive path in building stateless clients in […]

Polynomial Commitments For Stateless Clients

In our previous article we have described what stateless clients are, why they are important and how we can achieve […]

Wei to the Future

Introduction As discussed in the previous article, Novon is contributing to the blockchain world in the form of research and […]

Curve DAO: A Brief Outlook To The Mechanism Of DAO

Introduction: Curve DAO token (CRV) is an Ethereum token that is powered by Curve finance. Which can be stated as […]

Curve Cryptopools: An Exposure To Volatility

Introduction:  The automated market makers are the main protocols of the decentralized exchanges that were first introduced by Uniswap. They […]

DEX Analytics: A Quantitative Overview of Decentralized Exchanges

Introduction Decentralized Exchanges (DEXs) have gained immense popularity and are considered to be the foundational layer of DeFi. Many blockchain experts […]

Curve StableSwap: A Comprehensive Mathematical Guide

Introduction Automated Market Makers (AMMs) have changed the way of exchanging tokens in the world of DeFi. DEXs such as […]

Gas Tokens: Analysis & The Future

This publication will explore gas tokens and their future. Ethereum & Gas Ethereum Blockchain grabbed people’s attention as a Turing […]

Uncovering Stablecoins

Stablecoins Stablecoins are digital currencies that aim to be non-fluctuating assets similar to regular currencies used across countries to buy […]

Nexus Mutual: A Decentralized Insurance Mutual

Nexus Mutual is a decentralized community-backed insurance platform which uses the blockchain technology to allow people from all over the world to share insurance risk together.

Synthetix: Derivatives On The Blocks

Synthetix is Ethereum-based protocol that allows for the issuance of synthetic assets which are collateralized by the Synthetix Token. Read more

DAI Stablecoin: The Philosophy Behind

Dai is a cryptocurrency-backed stable coin that can be generated by keeping any asset as a collateral in the protocol. According to the whitepaper of Maker protocol, Dai is a decentralized, unbiased, collateral backed cryptocurrency soft pegged to the US dollar. Read more in this article.

Balancer v1: Balancing N-Dimensions

Balancer is a n-dimensional automated market-maker built on top of Ethereum. It allows anyone to create pool or add liquidity to customizable pools and earn trading fees.

Uniswap v3: Power To Liquidity Providers

Uniswap v3 mitigates the problem of capital inefficien by allowing liquidity providers to concentrate their liquidity. By doing so, they can provide the same liquidity depth as Uniswap v2 within specified price ranges while putting far less capital at risk.

Uniswap V2 Protocol: Let’s Dive In

In this publication, we will explore what Uniswap protocol, how it works and we will further take a look at the maths behind the well-known protocol.

Why is Resource Pricing a Big Deal in Blockchain?

TL;DR: In this article, we are gonna discuss what resource pricing in blockchain means and how we can limit and […]

Lodestar Setup Tutorial

Introduction So what exactly is Lodestar? As the name implies, it is the star that guides our path towards a […]

A Roller-Coaster Ride to Open-Source Contribution in Ethereum 2.0

Introduction I want to share our roller-coaster ride to open-source contribution in Ethereum, which started with exploring the Ethereum client […]

Curve DAO: A Brief Outlook To The Mechanism Of DAO

Introduction: Curve DAO token (CRV) is an Ethereum token that is powered by Curve finance. Which can be stated as […]

MEV: Explain Like I Am Five

What is MEV? The term MEV was initially proposed by Phil Daian in "Flash Boys 2.0," and it has since […]

Verkle Trees: A Step towards Stateless Ethereum

This is the last post of our series on stateless Ethereum. Earlier, in the previous articles we have discussed the […]

Kate Commitments: A Polynomial Scheme

Our previous article was a depiction of how polynomial commitments can create a disruptive path in building stateless clients in […]

Polynomial Commitments For Stateless Clients

In our previous article we have described what stateless clients are, why they are important and how we can achieve […]

Wei to the Future

Introduction As discussed in the previous article, Novon is contributing to the blockchain world in the form of research and […]

Stateless Clients: The Concept Behind

Ever wonder why the Ethereum community is challenging the incomprehensible ideas for scalability? Why the researchers are persistently experimenting with […]

Zooming Out Of Geth

Introduction Go-ethereum (also known as geth) is the piece of code, written in Go, that secures the Ethereum network, a […]

Gas Tokens: Analysis & The Future

This publication will explore gas tokens and their future. Ethereum & Gas Ethereum Blockchain grabbed people’s attention as a Turing […]

Novon: A Beginning without an End

About Novon Founded in June 2021, Novon is an in-house research center of Xord. And as a research and development […]

Nexus Mutual: A Decentralized Insurance Mutual

Nexus Mutual is a decentralized community-backed insurance platform which uses the blockchain technology to allow people from all over the world to share insurance risk together.

Synthetix: Derivatives On The Blocks

Synthetix is Ethereum-based protocol that allows for the issuance of synthetic assets which are collateralized by the Synthetix Token. Read more

DAI Stablecoin: The Philosophy Behind

Dai is a cryptocurrency-backed stable coin that can be generated by keeping any asset as a collateral in the protocol. According to the whitepaper of Maker protocol, Dai is a decentralized, unbiased, collateral backed cryptocurrency soft pegged to the US dollar. Read more in this article.

Chainlink: An Encyclopedic Study

Chainlink is a fully decentralized oracle network that enables access to real-world data to smart contracts in Blockchain. Read details in our article.

Flash Ecosystem: An In-depth Explanation

Flash protocol is an on-chain Ethereum Blockchain protocol. The protocol enables users to stake tokens and earn rewards immediately.

2D Reed Solomon Encoded Merkle Tree Construction

In our previous article, we briefly discussed the formation of the Merkle Tree using the Reed Solomon Code. In this […]

Reed Solomon Codes: A Classical Explanation

Ever wondered how satellite communication works when there is so much noise in the environment? Or how can we still […]

The Trusted Setup of ZK-SNARK

Special thanks to Shakeib Shaida and Zainab Hasan for reviewing my article. Zero-knowledge proofs are cryptographically advanced proofs which are […]

The Advent Of STARKs With IOPs

STARKs revolves around the idea of computational integrity, which essentially means that the output of a specific computation is correct. […]

ZK-SNARKs: The Low Level Working

Currently at Xord we are researching ZK-SNARKs in depth.  Although Maksym Petkus does an excellent job of explaining why and […]

Lattice-Based Cryptography: Zero Knowledge

Introduction In my previous research we discussed about Lattice-based cryptography and now we will use lattice cryptography to built our […]

Strong Homomorphic Encryption

Introduction: Encryption programs are genuinely designed to destroy the relation between plain text and the corresponding ciphertext. A good encryption […]

Lattice Based Cryptography: A Post Quantum Era

Introduction: For the last few years, quantum computers have been in the news and mathematicians and cryptographers are concerned with […]

Verkle Trees: A Step towards Stateless Ethereum

This is the last post of our series on stateless Ethereum. Earlier, in the previous articles we have discussed the […]

Polynomial Commitments For Stateless Clients

In our previous article we have described what stateless clients are, why they are important and how we can achieve […]

Ace Addresses And Signatures With Bitcoin

Bitcoin ensures ownership through digital keys, bitcoin addresses, and digital signatures. How do they actually work?

Multi-Party Computation Protocol for Universal SNARKs

ZK-SNARKs are mostly popular for publicly verifiable computations. They rely on common reference strings (CRS) for proving and verifying. Subversion […]

The Trusted Setup of ZK-SNARK

Special thanks to Shakeib Shaida and Zainab Hasan for reviewing my article. Zero-knowledge proofs are cryptographically advanced proofs which are […]

Painting Mental Picture of Zero-Knowledge

Introduction Learning zero knowledge can feel like an impossible task, especially for people who have very little exposure to cryptography […]

The Advent Of STARKs With IOPs

STARKs revolves around the idea of computational integrity, which essentially means that the output of a specific computation is correct. […]

ZK-SNARKs: The Low Level Working

Currently at Xord we are researching ZK-SNARKs in depth.  Although Maksym Petkus does an excellent job of explaining why and […]

Lattice-Based Cryptography: Zero Knowledge

Introduction In my previous research we discussed about Lattice-based cryptography and now we will use lattice cryptography to built our […]

Explaining Quadratic Arithmetic Programs

This article is greatly inspired by Vitalik explanation on Quadratic arithmetic programs(QAPs). In this article we are going to take a […]

Lattice Based Cryptography: A Post Quantum Era

Introduction: For the last few years, quantum computers have been in the news and mathematicians and cryptographers are concerned with […]

Zero-Knowledge Proofs: A General Understanding

Introduction Over the years, banks became quite a crucial part of the lifestyle. They provide the best user experience possible. […]

A Dive into the World of DAOs

This article presents a conceptual and factual dive into the world of DAOs, their merits, and the types of DAOs […]

Future of Polygon; Escalation with Zero-Knowledge

This article focuses on how the future of the Polygon network is moving towards Zero-Knowledge proofs. Polygon's network has increased […]

How to Fork The Ethereum Blockchain

So much has been said about Ethereum Fork. Through this article, you will learn beyond the verbal meaning of the […]

DeFi 2.0: An Upgrade to the First Generation of DeFi

This article covers the fundamentals of Defi 2.0 while discovering the need for DeFi 1.0 evolution. Several crypto users are […]

Layer 2 Solutions: Taking Scalability to New Heights

The blockchain trilemma suggests that blockchain cannot achieve scalability, security, and decentralization simultaneously. However, the layer-2 scaling solutions have come to challenge the thought system. It allows the mainchain to take care of security while maintaining scalable networks in its additional layers.

Metaverse: A Fusion of Virtual and Actual World

Several industries are beginning to see reasons to build their applications on the concept of the Metaverse. The government is seeking to hold virtual-physical meetings with leaders from around the world and artists are seeing potential in using the Metaverse to hold concerts too.

Serum: A Blend of Speed, Convenience and Trustlessness

The Serum is a decentralized exchange system built on the Solana ecosystem to provide unmatched low costs and speedy DeFi transactions. It charges as low as 0.0001 cents for transactions.

Mina: The World's Lightest Blockchain

It’s almost impossible for developers to create a protocol with these three important ingredients – security, scalability, and decentralization. These […]

Arbitrum: Scaling without Compromise

Arbitrum serves as a Layer 2 cryptocurrency platform. By implication, the security and protection of the Arbitrum interface and network come from Ethereum itself. 

Casper: The Future-Proof Blockchain

The Casper Network is a layer 1 Proof-of-Stake blockchain that improves how businesses upgrade new services and products on the blockchain.

Iron Fish: The Private Cryptocurrency

The Iron Fish project is a layer 1 blockchain that offers strong privacy transactions and wide expansion to the use of cryptocurrency.

Loot: The First On-Chain Community-Driven NFT Platform

The Loot Project is the first on-chain community-driven NFT metaverse. With 8000 unique loot bags, Loot allows its users to channel their creativity and decide the future of Loot.

Golem: A Decentralized Cloud Computing Network

Golem is a decentralized cloud computing network built on Ethereum. It allows users to share their redundant computing power, on-demand.

Augur: Your Global, No-Limit Betting Platform

Augur is a global, peer-to-peer, and decentralized market prediction platform built on top of Ethereum developed by Forecast Foundation.

Digital Identification on the Blockchain with Microsoft's ION

Microsoft ION is a layer 2 DID network running atop the Bitcoin blockchain that allows users to create and authenticate digital identification on the blockchain.

DeFi Lending: A Primer

Introduction Today, lending is one of the most important financial activities in society. It fuels economic growth and facilitates commercial […]

Connext: A Guide To Multichain Ethereum

Connext is an Ethereum based interoperable platform that enables rapid, noncustodial transfers between Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) compatible chains and layer 2 solutions.

Solana: Exploring the Blockchain

Solana is a web-scale, high performance Blockchain, which aims to achieve high transaction speed without compromising decentralization.

Cryptocurrency Wallet: A Complete Guide

A Cryptocurrency wallet is a digital container that stores public and private keys for cryptocurrency transactions. 

History Of Ethereum Hard Forks

Similar to other network and software upgrades, Ethereum concerns birthed the various hard forks. It ranges from security, centralization, fees, scalability, and other Eth 1.0 limitations.
Read more in this article.

ETF: An Overview To Exchange Traded Funds

An Exchange Traded Fund(ETF) is a market that holds assets such as stocks, bonds, currencies and commodities.

Opyn: DeFi's Options Protocol

Opyn is a decentralized and capital-efficient protocol that allows users to buy, sell and create Ethereum based options.

OpenSea: A Walk To NFT Marketplace

OpenSea is the first and largest peer-to-peer marketplace for digital goods to create, buy and sell unique digital assets.

HEGIC PROTOCOL: An Overview

Hegic protocol is the non-custodial, decentralized, and on-chain Option trading platform built on the Ethereum blockchain to speculate Ethereum and Wrapped Bitcoin.

THORChain: A Decentralized Liquidity Network

THORChain is a decentralized cross-chain liquidity protocol that allows its users to trade digital assets from one blockchain to another in a frictionless, secured and decentralized manner.

Flow Blockchain: A Blockchain For Open Worlds

Flow is a fast and decentralized blockchain, built as a foundation for next generation of games, apps and digital assets that power them.

Opium Protocol: A Comprehensive Review

The Opium protocol is a robust and universal platform that allows users to create, settle, and trade decentralized derivatives on Ethereum.

DeFi Yield Farming: An Introductory Guide

DeFi Yield Farming is a process to generate rewards from cryptocurrency holdings in a DeFi platform. It is simply a way of allowing your crypto to work for you while you earn passively.

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DeFi 2.0: An Upgrade to the First Generation of DeFi

This article covers the fundamentals of Defi 2.0 while discovering the need for DeFi 1.0 evolution. Several crypto users are […]

Serum: A Blend of Speed, Convenience and Trustlessness

The Serum is a decentralized exchange system built on the Solana ecosystem to provide unmatched low costs and speedy DeFi transactions. It charges as low as 0.0001 cents for transactions.

DeFi Lending: A Primer

Introduction Today, lending is one of the most important financial activities in society. It fuels economic growth and facilitates commercial […]

Cryptocurrency Wallet: A Complete Guide

A Cryptocurrency wallet is a digital container that stores public and private keys for cryptocurrency transactions. 

ETF: An Overview To Exchange Traded Funds

An Exchange Traded Fund(ETF) is a market that holds assets such as stocks, bonds, currencies and commodities.

Opyn: DeFi's Options Protocol

Opyn is a decentralized and capital-efficient protocol that allows users to buy, sell and create Ethereum based options.

HEGIC PROTOCOL: An Overview

Hegic protocol is the non-custodial, decentralized, and on-chain Option trading platform built on the Ethereum blockchain to speculate Ethereum and Wrapped Bitcoin.

Opium Protocol: A Comprehensive Review

The Opium protocol is a robust and universal platform that allows users to create, settle, and trade decentralized derivatives on Ethereum.

DeFi Yield Farming: An Introductory Guide

DeFi Yield Farming is a process to generate rewards from cryptocurrency holdings in a DeFi platform. It is simply a way of allowing your crypto to work for you while you earn passively.

MakerDAO: A Comprehensive Overview

MakerDAO project joins a DAO with another crypto-collateralized stablecoin called DAI. The aim is to build a complete, decentralized finance ecosystem that permits loans and savings on the Ethereum blockchain network.

CURVE FINANCE: Let's Take A Curve Into Defi Of Stablecoins

Curve finance is a decentralized exchange which facilitates the swapping of crypto-tokens. But it is specifically designed for stablecoins like DAI or USDT with low slippage and low transaction fee while using the liquidity pools like those of Uniswap. Read more in this article.

What is HummingBot? A Comprehensive Review

HummingBot is an open-source software client that offers users the opportunity to create and monetize automated and algorithmic trading bots.

Ampleforth: A Comprehensive Guide

Ampleforth is Ethereum based cryptocurrency that can adjust its supply based on demand. It is a stable but flexible currency that can accommodate both inflation and deflation. Read more..

Nexus Mutual: A Deep Dive

Nexus Mutual is an Ethereum-based decentralized platform that creates insurance products with community-based management and financials. You can also see it as a blockchain-based platform that offers decentralized insurance products. Read more.

Binance Ecosystem Explained

Binance is the largest trading platform and decentralized exchange. Here is how Binance ecosystem works and their key features.

Compound Chain: A Comprehensive Guide

Compound Chain is a distributed ledger with the ability to transfer value and liquidity between peer ledgers. It means that Compound Chain allows users to borrow and lend cross-chain assets from different blockchains like Polkadot and Tezos. It will have its own native token called CASH, which will be used to pay for transaction fees on the platform.

Hybrid Cryptocurrency Exchanges: What Are They?

Hybrid Cryptocurrency Exchanges adopt the usability and liquidity of centralized platforms and the anonymity and security of decentralized exchanges. Qurrex, Eidoo, and Legolas are some of the rising hybrid crypto trading platforms.

Compound Defi Protocol Explained

Introduction Decentralized finance (Defi) is arguably the most promising application of Ethereum blockchain, and Compound Defi protocol is taking advantage […]

Case Study: Uniswap (UNI Tokens Distribution)

This case study focuses on the newly introduced UNI tokens and their process of distribution. Uniswap: Uniswap is a decentralize […]

Decentralized Finance Categories Explained

In this article, you will get to know about the Decentralized Finance categories and projects associated with each category. Introduction: […]

Decentralized Finance — Financial Enabler of the Future

The world is shifting and so is finance.
It is said that DeFi is the future of finance and why should it not be?
Having a transparent structure as the foundation of different financial services and products would render people to be in control of their finances. Learn more.

Layer 2 Solutions: Taking Scalability to New Heights

The blockchain trilemma suggests that blockchain cannot achieve scalability, security, and decentralization simultaneously. However, the layer-2 scaling solutions have come to challenge the thought system. It allows the mainchain to take care of security while maintaining scalable networks in its additional layers.

Serum: A Blend of Speed, Convenience and Trustlessness

The Serum is a decentralized exchange system built on the Solana ecosystem to provide unmatched low costs and speedy DeFi transactions. It charges as low as 0.0001 cents for transactions.

Mina: The World's Lightest Blockchain

It’s almost impossible for developers to create a protocol with these three important ingredients – security, scalability, and decentralization. These […]

Arbitrum: Scaling without Compromise

Arbitrum serves as a Layer 2 cryptocurrency platform. By implication, the security and protection of the Arbitrum interface and network come from Ethereum itself. 

Casper: The Future-Proof Blockchain

The Casper Network is a layer 1 Proof-of-Stake blockchain that improves how businesses upgrade new services and products on the blockchain.

Iron Fish: The Private Cryptocurrency

The Iron Fish project is a layer 1 blockchain that offers strong privacy transactions and wide expansion to the use of cryptocurrency.

Solana: Exploring the Blockchain

Solana is a web-scale, high performance Blockchain, which aims to achieve high transaction speed without compromising decentralization.

History Of Ethereum Hard Forks

Similar to other network and software upgrades, Ethereum concerns birthed the various hard forks. It ranges from security, centralization, fees, scalability, and other Eth 1.0 limitations.
Read more in this article.

THORChain: A Decentralized Liquidity Network

THORChain is a decentralized cross-chain liquidity protocol that allows its users to trade digital assets from one blockchain to another in a frictionless, secured and decentralized manner.

Flow Blockchain: A Blockchain For Open Worlds

Flow is a fast and decentralized blockchain, built as a foundation for next generation of games, apps and digital assets that power them.

The Cosmos Network: A Comprehensive Guide

Overview The Cosmos network aims to build an internet of blockchain to enable blockchain networks to communicate with each other. […]

The Avalanche Chain: A Deep Dive

The Avalanche chain is made up of multiple Blockchain networks. It makes use of a novel proof-of-stake consensus mechanism to reach a high throughput. The platform is estimated to execute more than 4500 transactions per second. According to the team behind the project, Avalanche combines the benefits of “Nakamoto consensus” and “Classical Consensus".

Phantasma Chain: A Deep Dive

Phantasma Chain is a fast, scalable, and highly secure blockchain network which not only maintains a decentralized governance protocol, it also offers interoperability with other blockchain systems. The innovative mechanism employed by Phantasma Chain such as dual token system and advanced non-fungible tokens (NFTs) makes it possible for users to have digital goods and services. Read more

A Deep Dive into the Ontology Network

Ontology Network is a relatively new public blockchain created in 2017 by a Chinese company called OnChain. The Ontology Network is designed to help companies with little or no knowledge of cryptocurrencies to integrate blockchain into their business. Read more

MultiChain Architecture Explained

The MultiChain is an extended version of the Bitcoin Core. The node and the wallet are the two main subsystems of MultiChain Architecture.

MultiChain: An Explicit Introduction

Multichain allows users to run private Blockchain infrastructure with simple command-lines by integrating APIs. Read more...

Hybrid And Federated Blockchain Networks

This article will give you a detailed insight into the worlds of Hybrid and Federated Blockchain networks. Although the Blockchain […]

Introduction to Polkadot Blockchain

"Although Blockchain technology pioneered the decentralization concept, yet the Blockchains could not interact with one another. Polkadot network links specialized Blockchains and enables cross-chain communications to transfer information."

Deep Dive into Azure Blockchain for Enterprise Blockchain Solutions [Part 3]

This is the last part of the Azure Blockchain for Enterprise Blockchain Solution series. In the first two parts, we […]

5 Popular Consensus Algorithms Used In Blockchain

What is Consensus: Consensus in literal terms means agreement. In Blockchain network nodes have to agree on the current state […]

Introduction to TRON Blockchain

What is TRON? Justin Sun founded TRON back in 2017. It is is a Blockchain platform that aims to become […]

Deep Dive into Azure Blockchain for Enterprise Blockchain Solutions [Part 2]

The essence of building Azure Blockchain-based solutions is a 3-Step simple approach for leveraging Blockchain for businesses with easy integration […]

Deep Dive into Azure Blockchain for Enterprise Blockchain Solutions [Part 1]

With the emergence of enterprise blockchain, an increasing number of businesses are moving towards the adoption of blockchain for mitigating […]

Private Blockchain Platforms You Should Know About

Blockchain platforms can be public or private, depending on the need of the user. This article will provide you details […]

The Best Blockchain For Your Business

Blockchains are a powerful concept. They are decentralized trustless peer-to-peer networks enabling the participants to transact without trusting anyone in […]

Public Blockchain Platforms You Should Know About

Blockchain gained massive popularity after the invention of Bitcoin. Bitcoin is a public Blockchain network that enables you to transfer […]

Understanding Blockchain Essentials

Internet today is full of the buzz word "Blockchain", but what is Blockchain? and does it really matter to know […]

Digital Identification on the Blockchain with Microsoft's ION

Microsoft ION is a layer 2 DID network running atop the Bitcoin blockchain that allows users to create and authenticate digital identification on the blockchain.

ConsenSys Quorum Blockchain: A Comprehensive Review

ConsenSys Quorum is Ethereum-based decentralized ledger technology. It offers a permissioned way to apply the Ethereum network to support the privacy of contracts. The goal of this Blockchain is to create an enterprise Ethereum client that empowers businesses to adopt and leverage the benefits of Blockchain technology.

Decentralized Public Key Infrastructure: Control Your Identities!

We live in a highly digitized world. The Internet has become an integral part of our daily lives. According to […]

Healthcare Revolution With Blockchain

Blockchain is a decentralized ledger, that stores information in distributed and incorruptible nodes. Lately, it has been disrupting industries all […]

How is Blockchain Revamping The Supply Chain Industry

What is supply chain management? The supply chain management is a process of managing a chain or network of activities, […]

Private Blockchain Platforms You Should Know About

Blockchain platforms can be public or private, depending on the need of the user. This article will provide you details […]

Public Blockchain Platforms You Should Know About

Blockchain gained massive popularity after the invention of Bitcoin. Bitcoin is a public Blockchain network that enables you to transfer […]

Applications of Blockchain Technology - Real life Examples

Blockchain has transformed the system of how we keep records. The first application of blockchain which disrupted the tech industry […]

How to Fork The Ethereum Blockchain

So much has been said about Ethereum Fork. Through this article, you will learn beyond the verbal meaning of the […]

OpenSea: A Walk To NFT Marketplace

OpenSea is the first and largest peer-to-peer marketplace for digital goods to create, buy and sell unique digital assets.

How To Stake On Ethereum 2.0: Simple Steps To Follow

Ethereum 2.0 is the next major upgrade on the Ethereum blockchain, and it allows users to stake. This article explains everything you need to know about Ethereum 2.0 and how to stake on Ethereum 2.0.

IPFS: A Basic Guide To Store And Access Your Data

IPFS is a peer-to-peer distributed file system used to store and access files, websites, applications, etc. Content-addressing is used to identify each file in a global namespace.
Learn to use IPFS by using the command line as well as JavaScript package ipfs-core in th article.

The Graph Network [Part - II] - Deploying the Subgraph

Introduction: In the Introduction to The Graph network part I, we learned about The Graph network, subgraphs, and how The […]

Deep Dive into Azure Blockchain for Enterprise Blockchain Solutions [Part 3]

This is the last part of the Azure Blockchain for Enterprise Blockchain Solution series. In the first two parts, we […]

Writing Your First Smart Contract Using Clarity [Part 1]

Introduction: Blockstack is a platform with a vision of building a decentralized internet. Users are in control of their identity […]

Deep Dive into Azure Blockchain for Enterprise Blockchain Solutions [Part 2]

The essence of building Azure Blockchain-based solutions is a 3-Step simple approach for leveraging Blockchain for businesses with easy integration […]

Deep Dive into Azure Blockchain for Enterprise Blockchain Solutions [Part 1]

With the emergence of enterprise blockchain, an increasing number of businesses are moving towards the adoption of blockchain for mitigating […]

Understanding Blockchain Essentials

Internet today is full of the buzz word "Blockchain", but what is Blockchain? and does it really matter to know […]

Guide to setting up your first Hyperledger Fabric network (Part 2)

Overview This part serves a next step after completing part 1 of the guide. In part 1, we discussed the different […]

Guide to setting up your first Hyperledger Fabric network (Part 1)

There are two ways to go about building applications on Hyperledger Fabric framework. The first method is to use Composer […]

The Right Way To Set-up The Hyperledger Fabric Development Environment

Hyperledger Fabric is an exciting technology and is progressing rapidly with the approach of move fast and break things so […]

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